Malaysia is generally considered to be one of the most stable countries in South East Asia. Like all developing nations, however there are some problems, which can impact on businesses operating or planning operations within the country. However, crime not only occurs throughout our environment but also through the internet, we called it as cybercrime. The discussion will start with the types of crime that are occurring in Malaysia lately. Body
1. Credit card fraud is a wide-ranging term for theft and fraud committed using a credit card or any similar payment mechanism as a fraudulent source of funds in a transaction. The purpose may be to obtain goods without paying, or to obtain unauthorized funds from an account. Credit card fraud is also an adjunct to identity theft.
Application fraud happens when a criminal uses stolen or fake documents to open an account in someone else’s name without authorisation. Criminals may try to steal documents such as utility bills and bank statements to build up useful personal information. Alternatively, they may create counterfeit documents.
Account takeover happens when a criminal tries to take over another person’s account, first by gathering information about the intended victim, and then contacting their card issuer while impersonating the genuine cardholder, and asking for mail to be redirected to a new address. The criminal then reports the card lost and asks for a replacement to be sent.
They may get victims’ personal information by sending them a fake e-mail from bank which stated that their bank account has been hacked and their information are needed to overcome the problem.
Prevention: How can we prevent credit card fraud? New technology makes it harder and harder to prevent credit card fraud because thieves are always discovering new ways on how to crack and steal credit card and bank account numbers. There is no prevention that can stop credit card fraud 100% of the time, but there are ways of helping prevent this from happening. There are many ways and tips that can help prevent this from happening.
One way is that credit card companies are trying to help their customers have more employees to work full-time for fraud prevention. Many companies have also sent out millions of brochures to people in cities where identity theft is most common. Companies want to educate customers about credit card fraud and preventing this from happening because many people don’t even know that this type of fraud can happen.
Some other little tips on how to prevent this from happening is sign your credit cards as soon as they arrive, carry your credit card separate from your wallet, keep a record of your account and credit card information, void incorrect receipts, destroy carbons, save receipts to compare with billing statements, open bills promptly and notify card companies in advance of a change in address.
Different credit card companies have their own way of prevention. For example, when MasterCard cardholders buy any product or service online a pop up appears and asks the consumer to enter a special password called a secure code to confirm that it’s the right cardholder.
Some credit card companies make you confirm a purchase by asking you to enter your mother’s maiden name, social security number or a special password like MasterCard does. 2. Drug abuse: the main uses of drug are in the field of medicine, to cure or reduce pain. However, there is a group of user who abuse drugs. They take drug in excess and not follow the doctor advance.
The main causes are individually (irrationality). Some of today’s youth no longer respects their parent and also being argumentative .Their think aren’t minded is old-fashioned and not accordance with flow of time and make them more like to mix with their peers. At this age they are eager to know the taste of the drug and want to try it.
Besides that, they don’t know or lack of general knowledge about the adverse effect of drug. Second is family problem, in which having family problem such as divorce, parent more concerned with their careers and lack of love from family. This parent attitude maybe makes them feel the status is not importance in the heart of their parent.
Thus they will be more time with their peers and want to try drug to reduce the stress. Divorce means no mutual understand between husband, wife and child. If this happen parent have no time to give instruction and full of love to their child and make them feel lonely, not perfect and lack of confident. Then they want to forget about their problem and sadness and give up with the drug.
Other factors-pressure peers, not confident with self and not love with own life. Prevent-Controlling is better than medicine, more attention should be given to education and public awareness of drug abuse through formal education in school, campaign from time to time and the mass media. Thus, we can prevent drug abuse from its roots again. 3. Bullying: I would like to talk about one of the social crime which is bullying. Bullying is the use of force or coercion to abuse or intimidate the others.
Bullying includes actions such as making threats, spreading rumours, attacking someone physically or verbally. There are a few reasons that led to this situation. Causes can be from parent where teenagers are not getting enough guidance and attention from their parents. Thus, this can lead to the emergence of various social crimes that affecting the teenagers and one of the social crimes was bullying.
Nowadays, parents busy with their career and are not able to spend time with their children. Instead of seeking guidance from their parents, these children will do so from their peers. With the negative peer pressure, an environment will exist which eventually lead to the case of bullying. Next, Mass Media is also one of the reasons that lead to the case of bullying.
The action movie or drama that showed on the TV will affect the teenagers’ thinking. They will tend to learn it and apply in the real life. In the modern era of technology, internet such as Facebook, YouTube have some violence video. This can cause the teenagers to try the action in their life.
Prevent: first is school-The role of school is important to reduce the rate of bullying. In Malaysia, it is compulsory to attend the co-curricular activities after the school hours. But, many students and parents consider that academic is much more important than that.
Actually, these co-curricular activities are not only useful to develop students physically but also essential in social, moral and emotional development. By participate these activities, students can get the opportunities to learn self-discipline, self-independent, build self-confident and develop skills to handle competitive situations in their future life.
Therefore, teenagers will become responsible person and productive citizens that will not involve themselves in social crimes. Second is government-In the other hand, government also plays an important role to overcome the case of bullying.
I believe that government should organize awareness campaigns for teenagers to let them more understand about the effect of bullying. Awareness campaign will remind teenagers about the negative impact when involved in bullying. The awareness campaign can organize at schools or some public places so that more teenagers can participate in this campaign.
4. Kidnapping: the taking away or transportation of a person against that person’s will, usually to hold the person in false imprisonment, a confinement without legal authority. This may be done for ransom or in furtherance of another crime, or in connection with a child custody dispute. When it is done with legal authority, it is often called arrest or imprisonment. It could also have to do with family issues. People wanting money or even just abuse of the children.
5. I also would like to add one crime that is that becoming very serious lately, baby dumping. During 2010, baby dumping becoming hot issues on the media. The baby is leaving alone, for an extended period of time in a public or private setting with the intent to dispose of the child. Mostly, teenagers always seen to be involved in this situation.
Teenage parents give birth in a motel room and leave the child for dead in a dumpster. A girl gives birth in a school bathroom at night and then throws the baby into the garbage or in the toilet. This phenomenon is unacceptable in our society. High school students are too immature to fully understand the effects of free sex could have on their lives.
So there is no doubt that another problem will be created because of that. For sure the problem is abortion and baby dumping. Panic of being pregnant unexpectedly, they take a risk to abort the baby before their family aware of the physical changes later on. Abortion is a risky action which can be fatal to the mother.
But being in desperate situation like this, they cannot think rationally anymore. But not all of them are having enough gut to take the risk for abortion. Some of them decided to give birth to the baby, but then at the end of it, because of some reasons, they dump the baby without hesitate. Prevention: Long-term solutions to the problem of baby dumping require efforts at prevention.
Steps must be taken to prevent unwanted pregnancies, provide assistance to parents in crisis, and increase communication within families and communities such as sexuality education. To prevent baby dumping, it is therefore necessary to educate individuals about sexuality.
School are recommending teaching the subject about sexuality to avoid this types of problem to occurs. Sometimes, parents don’t give full attention to their children as today many parents are expect their children are good enough. Parents are also too busy with their jobs until they forget to give attention to their children. This is a serious problem among parents as they don’t know what their children are doing. Conclusion
For the conclusion we will discuss about the best way to prevent the social crime. Which side should be more responsible for this? You may add your own points later because most of the time we should be spontaneous. *this is basically what we are going to do for our group discussion